Immanuel’s GROUND

Warwick's West Gallery Quire

Local composers of church music from the
West Gallery period whose music is sung
and played by Immanuel's Ground



Immanuel's Ground try to include local composers in their repertoire whenever possible, and the choice so far in Warwickshire is from:
  • John Barker, fl.1750, organist at Coventry;

  • William Beasley, of Brinklow, near Coventry, fl. 1789 - a mystery composer.

  • Michael Broome of Birmingham (b. ca. 1700 Abingdon, Berks.)

  • Rev'd G Burder of Coventry, fl.1777;

  • Thomas Collins of Nuneaton, fl. 1790;

  • Dr William Croft, born Nether Ettington in Warwickshire, 1678;

  • Richard Drayton, of Coventry, fl. 1727;

  • Rev John Eagleton, born Coventry 1785, d. 1832;

  • John Geary, organist at Caldecote, fl.1780;

  • John Hill, (also of the same period as Joseph Key), who started his musical life in Kent, at Lydd, but who moved to Rugby where much of his music was written;

  • Joseph Key of Warwick and Nuneaton, whose Psalms and Anthems stem from an earlier part of the west gallery period;

  • John Moreton of Birmingham;

  • William Perry - (1765-1843) who for some time was organist and quire master at the Congregational Chapel in Cow Lane, Warwick;

  • William Groves Perry, son of William Perry, born 1796, followd his father's footsteps as organist of the chapel, which subsequently became renamed as the Brook Street Chapel. He was also a printer and bookseller, and ran a stationer's shop in Warwick.

  • Robert Price, fl. 1771-81, Coventry;

  • William Tanzer (although he spelled it "Tans'ur"), baptised 1706 in Dunchurch;

  • Joseph Watts of Fenny Compton, fl. 1749;

from just over the border into Northamptonshire:

Thomas Jarman (1776-1861) from Clipston(e);

Francis Timbrell, fl 1717.

from Leicestershire:

John Valentine (fl 1735-1792)

and again into Oxfordshire:

Michael Beesly, fl. 1740, who published early books of music, including some of the first printed 'fuguing' tunes, in both Oxford and Blewbury;

Daniel Warner, of Ewelme;

Francis Saunders, of Thame, Oxfordshire, (1817-c.1875), who published The Oxfordshire Melodist in 1844;

Isaac Skillern, who published a book of music in Abingdon in 1785;

Amram Taylor, of Ambrosden, Oxfordshire (1802-1855), who published The Sacred Harp in 1842;

Matthew Wilkins, of Great Milton, Oxfordshire, (1704-1772).

Link here to a history of the west gallery and other secular music of John Arnold and his connection with my family church at Great Warley, Essex.


Local hymn writers include:

Benjamin Beddome;

Rev'd John Newton;

Jonathan Evans.


WILLIAM PERRY (1795 - ? )


The old
Congregational Church, 
Brook Street, Warwick,
William Perry
Quiremaster and Organist.

See history below.



What we know so far about William Perry:
[NB This is a very shortened form of what we now actually know about the Perry family, which will be published in due course]


William G[roves] Perry would seem to have been publishing his father's music, for about 1820 he published in London

  • Original Sacred Melodies, consisting of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, Pieces etc., by W Perry, arranged for four voices, with separate accompaniment for the Organ or Pianoforte.  London, Clementi & Co.,  12/-

The accompaniment was really only a reduction of the voice parts into two systems suitable for use at the keyboard.                            


A study of the list of Subscribers is quite rewarding, as it shows the type of people who subscribed for copies (and thereby helped with the cost of publication) and the churches and chapels into which it passed. Thus in 1820 it would seem that there was a strong Society of Singers in Warwick based in the High Street Chapel, another Society in the Wesleyan Chapel, and yet a third Society at West Orchard Chapel, Coventry.


Within the musical world, as to organists, both Edmund Tims of Hampton Lucy and Henry T Elliston at Leamington had two copies, and John Elston at Hatton had one, whilst  several self-styled  Professors of Music also had single copies - Samuel Deacon of Leicester; Charles Elston and John Hewett of Leamington; Frederick Marshall (also organist) of Leamington; James Marshall (another organist) of Warwick; William Marshall & Son of Leamington and Oxford; and John Satchell Jnr. of Warwick.  James Merridew was a  music seller in Warwick, and Owen Owen the same in Leamington. A Mr Bernard, organ builder at Stratford on Avon also had a single copy, whilst on a higher level, seven copies each were sold to John Pearson of Foleshill (Coventry) and John Russell of Kidderminster.


The Brook Street Chapel
A study of Non-Conformity in Warwick gives an interesting snapshot in time and somewhat of an insight into the musical and spiritual life of its various churches and chapels. As a result of the Presbyterian Minister's Arianism, a small Congregational element separated from its parent church in Church Street (then the High Street) in about the middle of the eighteenth century. It met first in a room in the (then) High Street, following which a chapel was built about 1758 in Cow Lane, now called Brook Street. Thus it was that the Brook Street Chapel was born, which eventually became the spiritual home of William Perry, and presumably his son.


In 1760 the house of Henry Collins was registered for worship by the independents1, and in 1784 Thomas Collins gave a room to be used as a vestry for the chapel2.  The chapel was enlarged a number of times, and a still larger chapel was built on the site in 18263, which still exists today (see photograph above).  Now taken over as an office for a firm of Architects, it once contained a gallery on three sides supported on slender pillars, and there were once some Regency style wall decorations. The principle elevation was designed by Thomas Stedman Whitwell.  


The Wesleyan Chapel
Methodism was introduced into Warwick by a lay preacher from Yorkshire in about 1801, and the house of Henry Chlist in Castle Street was licensed by him and eight others for worship in 1804. Six of these eight also had a licence for a malthouse in Gaol Lane in 1805, and by 1810 the room in Henry Chlist's house was still in use for meetings. A Wesleyan Chapel was built in Chapel Street in 1830, but this was sold in 1834 as a result of declining membership, and became the Borough National School. However, it was to this congregation that William Perry sold copies of the book of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, which hopefully they took with them when the new chapel was built in 1839 on land called Lower Fryers in Stand Street.


With the spread of Methodism, a further chapel was built in Avon Street in about 1840; this was rebuilt in 1863, and was still in use in 1965. The Stand Street Chapel was used until 1863, when it was replaced by a chapel in Market Street, and two years later a further chapel was licensed in Bowling Green Street. Both were replaced by the new building in Northgate in 1893, which is where Immanuel's Ground practice today. The Stand Street chapel was then taken over in 1864 by the Primitive Methodists, (who had formed in Warwick by about 1850), and used it until the chapel was closed in 1935.


The High Street Chapel
The other chapel in Warwick where William Perry introduced his music was the High Street chapel. This appears to have been the Presbyterian chapel, built as a meeting House in 1781 on land given to the congregation in exchange for a converted house which was absorbed into the grounds of Warwick Castle. The new chapel was registered in the name of Samuel Clemens in 1781. The congregation had been Unitarian since the mid-18th century, apparently following the doctrines of James Kettlewell, who was their minister from 1746 to 1785. With rising congregations, the chapel was enlarged in 1863 in a Gothic style with gable ends of stone ashlar.


The West Orchard Street Chapel, Coventry
A split occurred in the Vicar Lane congregation in Coventry in 1776 following the election of a minister who did not have their full support. Those who broke away assembled in various private houses under their chosen minister, John Griffiths, until 1777 when they built a small chapel at West Orchard, which seated about 300 people. After some three years vacancy Rev'd George Burder (see below) was appointed in 17834; his enthusiasm as a preacher soon attracted new members to the chapel congregation and, as a result, galleries had to be erected in 1783-845. In 1787 the chapel was further enlarged to seat about 6006.  Bombed during World War II, the Chapel was rebuilt as the West Orchard United Reformed Church at the Chesils, Styvechale, in Coventry.


1  G.R.O. Worship returns vol. vii, no. 119.
2  Kemp, History of Warwick, p 169.
3  Collection of letters and memoirs by J. Moody.  Moody was minister 1781-1801, in Birmingham Reference Library 516405.
4  Sibree and Caston, Indep. in Warws. 82-85, 88-89.
5  Ibid. 85-86, 89.
6   Poole, Cov. 235.


Listen to examples of William Perry's hymns (midi files) :


JOSEPH KEY ( ? - 20.9.1784 )

What we know so far about Joseph Key:


Joseph Key was an excise officer of Nuneaton, Warwickshire, and an amateur musician who was buried 20th September 1784. His wife, no doubt dependant upon the income from his music, and possibly quite capable of taking singing classes herself, continued to publish his music for another six years after his death.

His known publications are:

  • Key, Joseph, of Nuneaton, Warwickshire. Eight Anthems, on various occasions.  [Book 1.]  Nuneaton: For the Author, 1774.  Only copy known in the Warwick Record Office DR397. Words only, used at St Nicholas Church, Warwick.

    • This contains anthems for Christmas Day, Easter Day, Ascension Day, and for various Thanksgivings and Funerals, etc., as well as a Te Deum (see below). 

  • Key, Joseph, of Nuneaton. Eleven anthems, with symphonies and thorough basses, for two hautboys and a bassoon.  Book II. For the Author, [1779].   GB-Lib. Ref G.521.a. 

    •   This contains no Psalm tunes.

  • Key, Joseph, late of Nuneaton. Five Anthems, Four Collects, Twenty Psalm Tunes, [etc.]. Book III. London: Mrs. Eliz. Key, Nuneaton, [1785].  GB-Lib. Ref G.521.(3).  T 323.

    • Nicholas Temperley's Hymn Tune Index records this as containing 23 tunes, 9 anthems and 2 liturgical settings in prose. These are the Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis, used extensively by Immanuel's Ground for local services of Evensong.

  • Key, Joseph, late of Nuneaton. Five Anthems and Four Hymns. Book IV. London: Henry Thompsons, [c. 1790].   GB-Lib. Ref G.521.(4).

    •  Nicholas Temperley's Hymn Tune Index [HTI] records this as containing 20 tunes, 5 anthems and 1 set piece.

  • Key, Joseph.  18 Marches, apparently lost, but mentioned in Baptie: A Handbook of Musical Biography (London. 1883) [Info from Grove Music online, contributed by Sally Drage).

The list of subscribers printed in the first publication (1774) include "our old friend" William Craddock, and as the Midland Courier Tribune of 28 October 1855 puts it

"Indeed the list is almost a directory of the gentry and clergy of the time. They include the Rev. Thomas Liptrott, sometime headmaster of King Edward VI school, Nuneaton, who took four copies. One of the subscribers was Mr Thomas Truswell, and in a later book Mr Truswell writes the lyrics of some carols by Key."

In the first book he also contributes (over the initials T.T.) a poetic dedication to his musical friend under the heading


            To MR JOSEPH KEY
                       on his
       Eight Anthems and Te Deum

To thee, O KEY! I'll tune my loftiest Lays,
And learn to shew a just Respect to Praise;
To thee alone the sweetest Strains belong,
That ever flow'd from Instrument or Tongue:

With Strength and Vigour ev'ry Line should flow,
To praise thy music, and thy Merit show,
O could I taste of the Plerian Spring,
Or could I, like the God-like David, sing,

In thy sweet Notes my Voice I oft would raise,
In sounding forth the great JEHOVAH's Praise!
Thy Music's Charms can calm the Savage Breast,
And set the deep despairing Mind at rest;

Can melt us into soft and pitying Tears,
Can raise our Joys, and banish all our Fears.
Thy Notes appear to ev'ry Person's View,
In just Proportion, regularly true:

Here *Cherubin and Seraphim do cry
Thrice Holy to the Lord, continually.
How soft and pleasing do thy Strains appear -
What Harmony delights the list'ning Ear!

Hail, gen'rous KEY! whose Name shall ever shine,
Amidst the Works of Harmony divine!
Let ev'ry Soul triumphant Voices raise,
Divine thy Work, and endless be thy Praise!

T.T. "


* Here a reference to the words of the Te Deum set by Joseph Key

The 1792 Directory for Nuneaton (Universal British Directory, Warwickshire County Directory), eight years after his death and four after his wife's, gives no mention of anyone by the name of Key, but the Excise officers were:

"EXCISE OFFICE, Bull Inn, [Nuneaton].
Joseph Fydoe, collector; Edward Hyington; supervisor; Mr. Appleby, officer; Mr. Templeman, out-rider.

Apparently very much a part of the musical scene at Nuneaton, very little is known of Key other than what is set out above. A few years after his death, John Valentine, a leading Leicester composer and psalmist, visited Nuneaton to take part in one of the concerts he had organised around the County. Regional, provincial composers and performers travelled many miles over bad roads to take part in activities organised by other local musicians (no change there, then!), and one might expect that Key himself would have done likewise to support his colleagues elsewhere, and therefore quite probably knew Valentine and the musical family dynasty which thrived there, and virtually had a stranglehold on music in the City of Leicester.


His books contain music composed for a variety of occasions, ranging from simple Psalm and Carol tunes to ambitious Anthems and and elaborate fuguing-tunes, many of them containing instrumental symphonies and solos, thus making use of the many provincial musicians and small orchestras which sprang up in towns and cities at that time. His music contains many overtones and influences from George Frederick Handel; indeed his Easter Anthem contains many passages which one feels are almost a direct crib from Handel's Messiah. In these days of plagiarism being condemned, perhaps imitation being the best form of flattery might be considered as a better description of this work!


His music is found in several other printed and manuscript sources in many corners of England, cropping up all along the south coast from Kent to Dorset. Two of his carols were found with altered rhythms and harmonies in Sussex manuscripts from Ditchling and Rodmell, and used by Vic Gammon in his repertoire for Hope in the Valley, a group he founded to sing what he then considered as local compositions. Adopted by Sussex Harmony, the West Gallery Quire from Lewes in Sussex, who in many ways might be considered as their successors, subsequent research has proved them to be by Joseph Key. These included his well-known As shepherds watched their fleecy care, a carol both words and tune of which have become a part of what we now consider as the 'West Gallery' Christmas repertoire and tradition.  [Some info from Grove Music Online, contributed by Sally Drage)


Listen to examples of Joseph Keys' music  (midi files):

Commercially, Peter Holman has recorded two of Joseph Key's carols on he Hyperion label, details at


There are two downloadable tracks on that page:

  • While shepherds watched their fleecy care

  • Come celebrate th'auspicious morn

which you can listen to for 65p a time.



JOHN HILL ( fl. 1735 - 1792 )

What we know so far about John Hill:

John Hill started life in Lydd, Kent. His first known book of tunes,

  • A New Book of Psalmody, was published for him by J Johnson in London between 1754 and 1761.  GB-Lib: E.1385. T 166. According to Temperley HTI,  this book contains 38 tunes, 8 anthems, 3 canons and 2 set pieces.

The range of dates is calculated following an analysis of the subscribers lists in this and later books, which show that the number of subscribers in the earliest book contained nearly as many from the Midlands as there were from Kent. This would indicate that he was probably building up his business in Warwickshire around that time, before finally moving northwards to continue his work as Psalmodist and itinerant Singing Master.  He moved to Rugby, Warwickshire, where the rest of his music was written, although as before all published for him in London:

  • Hill, John (of Rugby). Hill's Church Music [No. 1]. London: J Bland, [c1786]. GB-Lcm: XI.D.1[part 1].  T 264.  14 tunes, 4 anthems, 1 set piece.  There was a further reprint of this in 1792.

  • Hill, John (of Rugby). Hill's Church Music, Containing Psalm Tunes and Anthems, with Hymns for Christmas & Easter, Interspersed with proper Symphonies being a Specimen of a much larger Volume if it meets with the approbation of the Public. No [2]. London: J Bland, [1787]. GB-Lcm: XI.D.1.[part 2].  T 264.  16 tunes, 5 anthems, 1 canon, 1 set piece.   There was also a reprint of this (with the above fullsome title) in 1792, one copy being in Warwick Record Office, its contents varying slightly from the first edition by one piece.

  •  Hill, John [of Rugby, Warwickshire]. [Hill's Church Music, Continuation.]  1st year, in 4 numbers, each 8pp. London: J Bland. [1790]. GB-Lcm: XI.D.1[part 3.]  T 264.  5 tunes, 4 anthems.

  • Hill, John (of Rugby).  Hill's Church Music, [Continuation.]  2nd year, in 4 numbers, each 8pp. London: J Bland. [1791]. GB-Lbl: H.3117.[part 4.]  T 264.  8 tunes, 4 anthems, 1 liturgical setting in prose, 1 set piece.

  •  Hill, John (of Rugby).  Hill's Church Music, [Continuation.]  3rd year, in 4 numbers, each 8pp. London: J Bland. [1792]. GB-Lbl: H.3117.[part 5.]  T 264.  9 tunes, 4 anthems, 1 set piece.

Full details of these books and their musical content can be found in Nicholas Temperley's Hymn Tune Index, published by OUP in 1998.  The on-line version is to be found here.

References within Temperley's HTI, and used in these references:

GB-Lbl:  British Library, London
GB-Lcm:  Royal School of Church Music Library

Listen to examples of John Hill's music (midi file):


WILLIAM TANS'UR (1700-1783)

William Tans'ur

taken from the
 frontispiece to
Melodia Sacra.

[picture courtesy of
The Cyber Hymnal]



What we know so far about William Tans'ur:


As with many of these early church composers, we know very little about him. We believe he was born in 1700, probably  in the village of Dunchurch in the north of Warwickshire, and that his parents were Edward Tanzer and Joan Alibone  who were married ....   He was baptised in the parish church in Dunchurch (on Dunsmore) on November 6th, 1706, the son of an agricultural labourer.


The name Tans'ur was William's own invention; before then it had been Tanzer, Tanzur, Tansur and Tanser, according to local pronunciation and the ability to spell.


The next record we have of him is when he married Elizabeth Butler in .... and we can trace his progress round England by reference to his books of Psalmody:

  • A Compleat Melody: or, The Harmony of Sion, 1734

  • The Melody of the Heart, 1735

  • Heaven on Earth, or the Beauty of Holiness, 1738

  • Sacred Mirth, or the Pious Soul's Daily Delight, 1739

  • Poetical Meditations, 1740

  • The Universal Harmony, containing the Whole Book of the Psalms, 1743

  • A New Musical Grammar, 1746

  • The Royal Melody Compleat, 1754

  • The Psalm Singer's Jewel, or Useful Companion to the Book of the Psalms, 1760

  • Melodia Sacra, or the Devout Psalmist's Musical Companion, 1771

  • The Elements of Music Displayed, 1772

By the time he had published The Melody of the Heart in 1735, he had moved to Ewell in Surrey (op sit: Preface) and he taught psalmody up and down the country, including Barnes, Cambridge, Stamford, Boston (Lincs.), and Leicester. 

He eventually moved again to St Neots, Cambridgeshire, in the 1740s, where he became a bookseller, as well as being a music teacher.  He died there on October 7th, 1783.


Listen to examples of music written by William Tans'ur  (midi file): - likewise, you will one day



JOHN BARKER (c1708-1781)

From: Music and Theatre in Handel's WorldThe Family Papers of James Harris, 1732-1780, OUP 2002, by Donald Burrows, Rosemary Dunhill, and James Harris:

BARKER, Thomas (b. 1709), third son of John Barker, Minor Canon of Peterborough Cathedral.  Thomas's elder brother John (1707-1781), a chorister at the Chapel Royal, subsequently became organist of Holy Trinity, Coventry, and Vicar-choral at Lichfield Cathedral, was a music copyist and minor composer.

This book contains transcripts of a series of letters from a number of influential people in the world of music in England at that time, and the above extract at page 1093 is taken from a list of correspondents and diary writers quoted in the book, and a brief synopsis of their lives. It says more about John Barker than it does about his brother Thomas.

Another glimpse of his brother comes from a letter from Thomas to James Harris in the Close at Salisbury, dated c 1743. (Harris is described as a philosopher and musician):

Thomas Barker son of the late reverend Docter John Barker late Prebendary and Precentor of the Cathedrall Church of Peterborough and brother of Mr John Barker  Organist of Coventry; humbly begs leave to present this my present & unhappy case to your great goodness which the present mean state of life I am unfortunately taken in for a soldier puts me to the greatest uneasyness & ill conveniences of life to think of the low station I'm now confind too.  Sir I was brought up as a singing boy in the coire of Peterborough but to  my grief and sorrow I never could have my desire & chief delight to practice it which is now fifteen ears since I left the coire, so that I'm intirely lost for want of practice. I have a desire to sing an anthem to morrow in the Evening Service if I can be admittd to try my voice & would fain gett my discharge but for want of friendly assistance to beg it for me I cant expect to have it. Sir I am quartered at the Half Moon by St Edmonds Church.

[P.S.] Sir I was with Mr Tompson & t{ried a]n anthem with him & was pleasd to speak to the Cannons about [me, but] has receivd no answer yet.

The footnote against this entry reads . . .

Barker had exaggerated his father's status. John Barker senior was a minor canon of Peterborough Cathedral from 1704: he died in 1731, the same year in which Thomas's elder brother became organist of Holy Trinity, Coventry.  It is unlikely that Thomas Barker was considered seriously for a place at Salisbury, though several new Minor Canons and Lay-vicars were appointed in 1742-3.

which effectively confirms the date of John's appointment at Coventry at 1731.

Barker is known to have published

  • Twelve Songs, Three for Two Voices, with Symphonies for the Violin or German Flute,
    published Coventry 1741, and
  • A Select Number of the Best Psalm Tunes. Birmingham: Mich. Broome [for] John Barker, {c.1750].  58p.: engraved. Birmingham Public Library Ref.: L,55.91.  27 tunes, 1 anthem, 1 set piece.

As with Michael Broom himself, Barker is thought to have compiled the contents of the book, as only one appears to have been composed by him, and that being air only, without any accompaniment.  Temperley comments that he was a pupil of Dr. William Croft, several works by the latter being included in the book.

Barker is also thought to have been a printer by trade.



CAPEL BOND (1730-1790)


What we know so far about Capel Bond:


Capel Bond was an English composer and organist at two churches in Coventry. Baptised on December 14th 1730 in Gloucester, he was the son of a bookseller, William Bond,  and was probably taught music at the Crypt School in Gloucester by his uncle, the Rev'd Daniel Bond.  From the age of 12 he was apprenticed to the organist, Martin Smith,  at Gloucester Cathedral.


He moved to Coventry in 1749, where, at the age of 19, he held the position of organist at St. Michael and All Angel's. This he did for three years, and then also became organist at Holy Trinity in 1752, this being the largest Anglican parish church in England, and which later became Coventry Cathedral. He held both these posts until his death in 1790


He married a girl called Anne Spooner, whose parents were Abraham Spooner and Anne Birch. [See the Spooner family tree at  ]


He composed concerti grossi, concertos for trumpet and bassoon, and anthems, and organised many concerts both in Coventry and the midlands generally. In Coventry he organised subscription concerts and expanded the local musical society by introducing instruments for the accompaniment of the singers. He conducted Messiah and Samson at one of his music festivals, and was also responsible for the founding of a music festival in Birmingham, conducting its first one in 1768.


His publications include:

  • Six Concertos in Seven Parts,  London, 1766, which ran to two editions, and

  • Six Anthems in Score,  London, 1769, which ran to six.

"Subscriptions for the latter included the composer John Valentine, Handel's librettist Charles Jennens (who requested six sets) and many musical societies from all over the country. Both sets of music went on sale in London and Coventry. The first concerto, with solo trumpet, probably dates back to 1754 and was performed by "Mr. Adcock, the first trumpet of the Vauxhall Gardens London" in that year and also at the 1768 Birmingham festival."


[This, and other quotes, are taken directly from , for which I am greatly  indebted]


He was an eminent musician, an indulgent husband, and stealy in his friendships. Exemplary in the constant practise of his Christian and social duties, he died on 14 February 1790, at Binley, a village then just outside Coventry.

[Taken from:]  See also entry in new edition of Groves.

In recognition of his 'superior merit and regular attendance' as organist at Holy Trinity in 1770 he was awarded a £10 per annum increase to his £30 annual salary. It was about this time that, presumably due to some deterioration in health, his musical activities lessened and he made his will. However, he survived another nine years and died on 14th February 1790. He was buried at St. Bartholomew's Church, Binley, Coventry - his tombstone reads:


H[ic] J[acet]
40 years organist of the Churches
of St Michael and Holy Trinity in
He [wa]s an eminent musician
[and] indulgent husband
[an]d steady in his friendships
[exempl]ary in the constant practice
[of his Ch]ristian and social duties
he died February 14th 1790
aged 59.


Binley is a village near Coventry, now just inside the A46 ring-road on the west side of the City.



Rev'd JOHN EAGLETON (1785-1832)

What we know so far about John Eagleton:


According to James T. Lightwood in The Music of the Methodist Hymn-Book, (London 1938), John Eagleton was born in Coventry in 1785 and was one of the first scholars at the Sunday School founded in that town by the Rev'd George Burder. Being very fond of music, he acted as leader of the choir until his voice broke. He then became a Wesleyan local preacher, and on reaching his 21st birthday he succeeded his father in the pastorate of a meeting-house near Coventry. Later he had charge of a Congregational church in Vicar Lane, Coventry.


His musical abilities were especially directed towards improving the music at his church, and for the use of his choir and congregation he published in 1816 a set of original tunes called

  •  Sacred Harmony (1816)

in which his tune Justification first appeared. John Eagleton also held pastorates at Birmingham and at Ramsden Street Congregational Chapel, Huddersfield, where he died in 1832.  Just before his death he published a

  • Manual of Hymns for Family, Social and Public Worship (1832?)

which was in use at Ramsden Street, Huddersfield, for many years.

John Eagleton is said, therefore, to have composed many hymn tunes, including JUSTIFICATION, found in several hymnals including the Methodist Hymn Book, and Centenary Tune Book. To date, however, only seven have been found in print before 1821 - DESERTION, TILBURY, JUSTIFICATION, REDEMPTION, AFFECTION, CONFIDENCE, and CRUCIFIXION. Of these, TILBURY and DESERTION have only been found in American publications before 1821, the first and second editions of compilations by Samuel Dyer (A New Selection of Sacred Music, consisting of . . . psalm and hymn tunes, Baltimore, Maryland, 1817 and 1819 respectively. [Second Ed. 1819 of Samuel Dyer is in our possession].

The other five tunes have so far only been traced* to a publication by Charles Rider of Manchester in 1820 (A Selection of Hymn Tunes for the use of the Sunday School in Elm Street, Manchester [Vol. 1]. [Manchester] : [ Charles Rider], [1820-] ) this being the only known copy, and which is in all probability a reprint of an earlier edition of 1816. If this is the case the tunes by Eagleton may well have been part of the 9 extra tunes which the 1820 edition contained, because it seems inconceivable that they would have appeared in the 1816 edition as well as in Sacred Harmony, which as recorded by Lightwood, was also 1816.


Henry Parr, in his work entitled Church of England Psalmody, 1880, a copy of which is in the library of the Royal School of Church Music, also refers to Eagleton's publication, and  states   ". . . T[une] 90 appears in Sacred Harmony, A Set of Tunes . . . Composed in an easy Style.  Obl. 4vo. The work contains twenty-seven Tunes in three parts."  Whilst no date of publication is quoted, this, surely, is therefore the work to which Lightwood refers.

[S & E Macadam, 2005].


Nicholas Temperley, The Hymn Tune Index, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1998.




What we know so far about Richard Drayton:

Again, not a lot at present, except that he published one book of music, with 46 tunes in it, together with 12 anthems, 1 chant, and 1 hymn setting with solos.

  • Drayton, R[ichard], of Coventry. A Book of Psalmody: or, A Choice Collection of Psalm Tunes, in two parts. Northampton: William Dicey, 1727. 

This is probably the same book advertised in the Northampton Mercury as being published 'this day', 8th May 1727, although it was therein referred to as A New Book of Psalmody: or, A Choice Collection of Psalm Tunes. No publisher or compiler's name was given.   Copy in GB-NHro:  ZB 582/4

A Richard Drayton was witness to the marriage of Samuel Goode and Katharine Husson in Holy Trinity Church, Coventry, on 28th August 1758.



Rev'd G BURDER (fl. 1752-1832)



Rev'd George Burder

Mezzotint. 245 x 340mm.
Painted by H.W. Pickersgill.
Engraved by H. Meyer, London.
Published 16th August, 1812, by R. Cribb & Son,
of 288, High Holborn.


Revd. George Burder, is known to have been alive between 1752-1832, but whether these are his exact dates has yet to be proved.  He was a Nonconformist divine, in early manhood an engraver, but in 1776 he began preaching.


He was one of the founders of the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Religious Tract Society, and Secretary of the [London] Missionary Society.  Author of Village Sermons &c.


He came from Coventry,  and wrote the tune BETHEL in August 1777,  and also LUTON. In 1783 he was appointed as minister to the West Orchard Street Chapel, Coventry, where he remained until 1803.  More details of his ministry are written above.

In 1813 he had a Meeting House at Homerton. [This is believed to be the City of London Union Chapel, Homerton, Hackney.  See]


MICHAEL BEESLY  (1700 - 1760)


What we know so far about Michael Beesly:

Michael Beesly was a psalmodist, and is considered to be one of the first, if not the first, compiler of harmonised psalm tunes who introduced the fuguing tune into English psalmody, and as such was the main innovator into its development. Nicholas Temperley has debated this point in detail in several publications. [1]  [2]  [3]   He published books of psalms between 1740 and 1756, the early books thought to have been printed in Oxford, and the three later ones in Upton, near Blubery, Berks.  Blubery, now spelled Blewbury, has been moved into Oxfordshire from Berkshire following the 1975/6 local authority boundary changes. 


His own publications are:

  • Beesly, Michael. According to the Thomas Hearne, in his Remarks and Collections Vol. IX for the period August 10, 1725-March 26, 1728, (edited by Rev'd H E Salter MA of New College, Oxford and to be found in Oxford Reference Library) and in particular for June 29th 1727,

    • " . . . Michael Beesly . . . hath composed and ingraved a book, about singing Psalms and Anthems, himself (which he teaches in Parochial Churches), of which there are two editions."


      {Publications of the Sydenham Society: (English Dialect Society)
      By Oxford Historical Society, London Record Society
      Published by The Society, 1879
      Item notes: v.65 1914]


  • [Oxford?]; Mich. Beesly and sold by Edward Doe [etc.], [-1740]. British Library Shelf No.:  A.1023.  112p;  68 tunes, 27 anthems, 1 canon, 1 liturgical setting in prose.   BeesMBP a [4]

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody. [Oxford?]; Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe [etc.], [c.1743]. Bodleian Shelf No.: Johnson Mus. g.6.   162p;  38 tunes, 31 anthems, 2 canons, 2 chants, 1 liturgical setting in prose.   BeesMBP b

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody. [Oxford?]; Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe [etc.], [c.1743]. Bodleian Shelf No.:  Mus.32.e.77.   [x, 68]f;  36 tunes, 30 anthems, 1 canons, 2 chants, 1 liturgical setting in prose.   BeesMBP c

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody. [Oxford?]; Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe [etc.], [c.1743]. British Library Shelf No.:  A.I.19.   158p;  39 tunes, 16 anthems, 1 canon. BeesMBP d

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody: Containing Instructions for Young Beginners After as Plain & Familiar a Manner as Any Yet Extant. To which is Added a Collection of Psalm-tunes and Anthems Together with Some Hymns and Canons the Whole Compos'd for 3 & 4 Voices Collected Engrav'd and Printed by Mich. Beesly ... Published by printed by Mich. Beesly.  Sold by Edward Doe in Oxford, by Tho. Price in Gloucester and by John Edmund at Winchester, 1745.  114 pages.  Noted by Google Books as in the British Library.

  • [Beesly, Michael].  [A Book of Psalmody]. [Oxford?]; [ Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe etc.], [c.1746

    British Library Shelf No.:  A.I.19.   [viii, 85]p;  38 tunes, 7 anthems, 2 chants, 1 liturgical setting in prose.   BeesMBP e    This is bound in with the following:

    • Beesly, Michael, of Upton near Blubery.  A Collection of 20 New Psalm Tunes.  London: Mich. Beesly [for] T. Plumer [etc.], [c.1746].  [57]f. Bodleian Shelf Nos.:  Mus.32.e.79(2),  Mus.55.e.148, and Mus.55.e.148. also GB-Mr. [Temperley's Reference - private source?]   20 tunes, 9 anthems.   BeesMCN a, and

    • Beesly, Mich[ael], of Upton.  A Collection of 20 New Psalm Tunes.  Oxford  and Newbury: Mich. Beesly [for] Ed. Doe, Jos Wimpey,  [c.1750].  47p. British Library Shelf No.:  A.1231.o.(2).   27 tunes.   BeesMCN b

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody. [Oxford?]:  Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe [etc.],  [c.1752]. Glasgow, Mitchell Library.  [170]p;  53 tunes, 8 anthems, 2 chants.   BeesMBP f    This is bound in with the Collection of 20 New Psalm Tunes.

  • Beesly, Michael. A Book of Psalmody. [Oxford?]:  Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe [etc.],  [c.1752]. British Library Shelf No.: A.I.20.  [162]p;  46 tunes, 13 anthems, 2 chants  BeesMBP g    This is bound in with the Collection of 20 New Psalm Tunes.

  • Beesly, Mich[ael]. A Collection of ten psalm-Tunes and Ten Anthems.  Upton: Mich. Beesly.  [c.1755]. Reading Public Library, B/UB/BEE.  [25]f.  10 tunes, 10 anthems.    BeesMCTPT

  • Beesly, Mich[ael]. An Introduction to Psalmody. [Oxford?]:  Mich. Beesly, [c.1756].  British Library Shelf No.: A.1231.0.(1).    [132]p;  26 tunes, 11 anthems.    BeesMIP

As can be seen, the various editions had differing contents, and to some extent, like Matthew Wilkins, these may have been dictated by whatever plates he had to hand, and whatever teaching he was undertaking at the time. The dates of each of the editions is taken from the dates the original owners inscribed in their copies, and (according to Temperley) the contents of each book also dictate a logical progression timewise


Beesly also engraved and printed books for others, as the following extract from a Catalogue of rare books being offered for sale by Messrs Ellis, of 29 New Bond Street, London W.1.

HAYES (Dr. William, Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford),

Vcal and Instrumental Musick, in Three Parts : containing,

I.  The Overture and Songs in the Masque of Circe.

II.  A Sonata or Trio, and Songs.

III.  An Ode. Full Scores. Sold by the Author, at his house near
Hertford College, 1742. Folio, First Edition, Full Score, words and

music finely engraved by Mich. Beesly.

-    -    -    -    -    -    -

Early records show that the name 'Beesly' was fairly prolific around this area of what was then Berkshire.  Link here to Multimap for a map of the area south of Abingdon, from which you will see how close Upton is to Blewbury. One possible scenario from the IGI is that a Michael Beesely married an Ann Stevenson on 8th October 1698 at West Hanney, Berkshire, England, their son, also Michael (Beesley), being christened at Sunningwell (just north of Abingdon, and about five miles south of where we live) on 23rd June 1700. The father, recorded as Michaell Beesely, was christened at Sunningwell on 9th June 1667, the son of John Beesely and Elizabeth. Their other recorded children are Elizabeth (1655), George (1659), and Anthony (1669).


A further Michael Beesly was christened at Sunningwell on 9th June 1650, the son of George Beesly and Mary (their only recorded child).  These are the only three recorded Michaels in Berkshire at that time, from a list of 1223 people with that surname and over the time from 1550-1750, including several others with different Christian names in Upton and Blewbury, and, provided all the Beasleys have been recorded from the area, leads one to surmise that the Michael we are looking for is the one christened on 23rd June 1700. Further research is however necessary to prove this point, especially because of the other Beeslys recorded as being at Upton.


[1] Temperley, N.  (1979)   The Music of the English Parish Church, vol. 1, Cambridge Studies in Music, Cambridge University Press.

[2] Temperley, N.  (1981 [1982])  The Origins of the Fuging Tune.  Royal Musical Association, RMA Research Chronicle 17,   1–32.  

[3] Temperley, N. and Manns, C. G. (1983) Fuging Tunes in the Eighteenth Century, Detroit Studies in Music Bibliography, no. 49, Information

[4] References in heavy type refer to Book references in Nicholas Temperley's Hymn Tune Index.



and also his wife ELIZABETH WILKINS (d. 1778)


What we know so far about Matthew Wilkins, and his wife Elizabeth:

Matthew Wilkins was born in Great Milton, a short way south-east of Oxford, in July 1704. He was a butcher in the village and because he also taught music, he  presumably also taught the village quire.  There is a collection of instruments dating from his time in a locked case at the west end of the Parish Church.


As an itinerant Singing Master, he published his books in several editions, usually collections of other people's music and for use in his teaching work. His publications are as follows:

  • Wilkins, Matthew, of Great Milton, Oxfordshire. A Book of Psalmody. Great Milton: Matthew Wilkins, [c. 1723] British Library shelf no. A.992.a. and containing 40 tunes and 9 anthems.

    • In 1725 Michael and John Broome of Birmingham acknowledged using eight of the tunes from Matthew Wilkins' book in their Collection of Church Musick - The Divine Musick Scholars Guide.

  • Wilkins, Matthew. An Introduction to Psalmody. London: J[ohn] Johnson, [c.1744]. Contains 46 tunes, 8 anthems and one chant.

  • Wilkins, Matthew. A Second Book f Psalmody.  London: John Johnson. 1746.
    Confusingly, because Johnson had already published the 1744 Introduction to Psalmody, he had to rename what was essentially a second edition of the first book, A Second Book . . . even though the contents were the same.

By 1750 Matthew Wilkins seems to have given up using a London printer for his publications, for several editions are known to exist of his book, around this date, although it is fair to say that no one book yet found has the same contents as any other. Quite possibly he took from the shelves of his local printing press in Great Milton whatever copy came to hand which was suitable for the teaching work he had on at the time. Our copy of his Book of Psalmody has two plates of the same psalm, showing a certain degree of individuality!

In about 1750 he also produced another edition of the same book, but with enlarged contents:

  • Wilkins, Matthew, of Great Milton.  A Book of Psalmody. Great Milton: Matthew Wilkins, [c.1750]. Contains 48 tunes and 15 anthems.

Again, in about 1760, he produced yet another edition with the same title, but with entirely new contents:

  • Wilkins, Matthew, of Great Milton.  A Book of Psalmody. Great Milton: Matthew Wilkins, [c.1760]. Contains 34 tunes and 12 anthems.  British Library shelf no. A.992.

At this point the story takes a different turn, for Matthew Wilkins died in 1773, and his widow -Elizabeth Wilkins - continued to publish his music. As she died in 1778*, the date of the next publication must be somewhere between these to dates:

  • [Wilkins, Matthew, rev. Elizabeth Wilkins??] A Collection of Church Musick. Great Milton: Elizabeth Wilkins, [c.1750]. Contains 43 tunes and 13 anthems, many of them the same as in the 1750 edition of the Book of Psalmody, and using the same plates.



Benjamin Beddome (January 23, 1717 - September 23, 1795) was an English Baptist minister and hymnist. He was born in Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire, England.

He was the son of a Baptist minister, John Beddome. Initially apprenticed to a surgeon in Bristol, he is a largely forgotten 18th Century English Baptist preacher, remembered today only as a minor hymn-writer. For over half a century he served as pastor of the Baptist church meeting at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire.

In 1739 he joined the Baptist church in Prescott Street, London, and at the call of his church devoted himself to the work of Christian ministry. In 1740 he began to preach at Bourton-on-the-Water, and became one of the most highly respected Baptist ministers in western England, known for his literary attainments. In 1752, he wrote A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism, by Way of Question and Answer. In 1770, Beddome received an MA degree from Providence College, Rhode Island.

Beddome long wrote a hymn each week to be sung after his Sunday sermon. Though his hymns were not originally intended for publication, he allowed 13 of them to be included in the Bristol Baptist Collection of Ash & Evans, and 36 in Rippon’s Selection. In 1817, a posthumous collection of his hymns was published as Hymns Adapted to Public Wor­ship or Family Devotion, containing 830 pieces. Today a number of Beddome's hymns are included in the Sacred Harp.

Robert Hall wrote of Beddome's hymns:

The man of taste will be gratified with the beauty and original turns of thought
which many of them exhibit, while the experimental Christian will often perceive
the most secret movements of his soul strikingly delineated, and sentiments
portrayed which will find their echo in every heart.

Benjamin Beddome died in 1795, and is buried in the churchyard in Bourton-on-the-Water,
Gloucestershire. for words of his hymns.


REV'D JOHN NEWTON  (1725-1807)

John Newton (1725-1807) was an English hymn writer and Church of England minister. Early life of wanton sin. For ten years involved in African slave trade. Hymns include Amazing Grace, How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds, and Glorious Things of Thee Are Spoken. Collaborated with William Cowper in producing the "Olney Hymns."

From 1755 to 1760 Newton held, on the recommendation of Manesty, the post of surveyor of the tides at Liverpool. Shortly after his settlement there, Whitefield, whom he had already met in London, arrived in Liverpool. Newton became his enthusiastic disciple, and gained the nickname of 'young Whitefield.' At a later period Wesley visited the town, and Newton laid the foundation of a lasting friendship with him; while he obtained introductions to Grimshaw at Haworth, Venn at Huddersfield, Berridge at Everton, and Romaine in London.

Still eagerly pursuing his studies, he taught himself Greek, and gained some knowledge of Hebrew and Syriac. He soon resolved to undertake some ministerial work; but he was undecided whether to become an independent minister or a clergyman of the church of England. In December 1758 he applied for holy orders to the Archbishop of York, on a title in Yorkshire, but received through the archbishop's secretary 'the softest refusal imaginable.' In 1760 he was for three months in charge of an independent congregation at Warwick.

In 1763 he was brought by Dr. Haweis, rector of Aldwinkle, to the notice of Lord Dartmouth, the young evangelical nobleman; and on 29 April 1764 was ordained deacon, and on 17 June priest. His earliest charge was the curacy of Olney, Buckinghamshire, in Lord Dartmouth's patronage. In the same year he published an account of his life at sea and of his religious experiences, called 'The Authentic Narrative.' It reached a second edition within the year, and still holds a high place in the history of the evangelical movement.

Taken from Christian Biography Resources at


JONATHAN EVANS  (1749-1805)

Jonathan  Evans was a Coventry born ribbon weaver who joined the congregation of the Rev'd G Burder in 1778. He began preaching at Foleshill near Coventry in 1782, and ministered there from 1795 until his death in 1805.


WILLIAM BEASLEY (fl. 1789)   
If anyone knows any more about our mystery composer of Psalmody, please get in touch!


We know very little about William Beasley, except that in the Leicester Journal there was advertised as 'lately published 18 December 1789':

  • Three Anthems, Eleven Psalm Tunes, and Ten Hymns.  [Brinklow: For the Author, 1789.]

No extant copy of this publication has yet been found, but it may well have been that advertised in the same local paper on 2 January 1789 as containing " . . . . anthems interspersed with symphonies . . . . To which will be added several psalm tunes and two hymns for the use of Sunday Schools",  and to which readers were invited to subscribe.


Immanuel's Ground have in their repertoire a Christmas carol in manuscript, which is attributed to "Mr Beasley" immediately under the title. This was found in a local source, and it is just possible it could be the same composer.


How's this for a starter ? - a William Beasley married a girl called Elizabeth in the parish church at Brinklow on 17th September, 1791 . . . This is the only Beasley in the parish registers between 1574 and 1876 (with a gap between 1633 and 1747 when the registers have been lost, and there are no Beasley christenings in the parish at all.



In 1790 Thomas Collins published a book of psalmody;

  • A Collection of Anthems & Psalms, N[un]eaton: John Baraclough (for the author, Thomas Collins, [c. 1790].

This book contains 14 tunes, 3 anthems and a solo piece.   BL Ref:  H.1028.m.

Only the title page gives us a clue as to his whereabouts in 1790, being Nuneaton, and he would have been a contemporary of Joseph Key. They may even have known each other.


Thomas Collins's anthems and Psalm tunes are as follows:

Page Title Text
1 Anthem from Luke I Blessed be the Lord God of Israel
9 Anthem from Psalm 34 v.1 I will always give thanks
14 Anthem from Ch 13 & 14 of Esther O Lord, Lord, the King Almighty
26 Psalm I The man is blest
28 Psalm II Why did the Gentiles tumults raise?
31 Psalm VI Lord in thy wrath
32 Psalm IX With heart and mouth to thee, O Lord
33 Psalm XXIII My Shepherd is the living Lord
35 Psalm XXXV Lord plead my cause against my foes
36 Psalm LI O Lord, consider my distress
36 Psalm LXX O God, to me take heed
37 Psalm XCII It is a thing, both good and meet
39 Psalm XCV O come, let us lift up our voice
42 Psalm CXXV Those that do place their confidence
45 Psalm CXXX Lord unto thee I make my moan
46 Psalm CXXXIII O what a happy thing it is
48 Psalm CXLV Thee will I laud my God and King
48 Psalm CL Yield unto God the mighty Lord
49 Anthem for Christmas Day All hail and praise the sacred morn

His music is far more ornate even then Keys', and is a delight to sing and play. His orchestrations are for woodwind, brass and strings, which would have been a challenge for any country style village band!


John Baraclough, the printer of this book, can be found in the index to The History of Warwickshire by William West (1830):

BARRACLOUGH, Jno Printer & music seller, Back St, Nuneaton  p561
Other of the same name at the time were:
BARRACLOUGH, Jno Joiner, Bond St, Nuneaton  p561
BARRACLOUGH, Jno Victualler, Bond St, Nuneaton  p561
BARRACLOUGH, Wm. Painter, Church St, Nuneaton  p561
BARACLOUGH, Joseph Carrier to Coventry, Nuneaton  p564

The title page of Collins's music book contains the following charming couplet, which appears to be of his own composition, and which gracesthe bottom of the front page of this website:

When Musick's notes with steps already move
Thro' virtues paths, and breathe with heav'nly love;
The rapt''rous mind from earthly mansions flies,
And soars aloft above the starry skies.

A second book of his music was advertised in the first one, but nothing has ever been found.


ROBERT PRICE (fl. 1771-8)

Robert Price is described in his book as 'assistant organist at Coventry', thought most likely to be St Michael's Church, where Capel Bond was organist at the same time.  His only known publication is

  • Twelve Hymns for the Voice or Harpsichord. London: For C. & S. Thompson, [1771-8].

This book contains 12 tunes only.  BL Ref: ??



MICHAEL BROOM(E) (c. 1700 - 1775)

Michael Broom (or, more often, Broome) started life by being born in Abingdon about 1700, where he lived, worked and was married. He subsequently moved to Birmingham, via Isleworth - then Middlesex, now London - where he set himself up as a printer of music, as well as a publisher and a music shopkeeper. He became the parish clerk of St Philip's Church, and founder of the musical society there.

He was essentially a collector of music, which he copied and set in his publications. He is considered to be the first printer who set up in Birmingham.

His first book, modestly entitled Michael Broom's Collection of Church Musick, carries no imprint but has an inscription date of 1725, the year of his marriage in Abingdon. Broome renounced his peripatetic career in favour of a permanent business and urban life. [David Hunter: English Country Psalmodists and their Publications, 1700-1760]

One of his books of music is thus entitled:

  • A Collection of Twenty-Eight Psalm Tunes in Four Parts by several Authors Printed to the new Version of the Psalms for the use of Churches and Chapels in and near Birmingham. Collected and Sold by Michael Broome and may be had of  Thos. Aris Printer in Birmgm.  Price stitched 1s. 9d.  1753.  

and also,

Dr. WILLIAM CROFT (1678-1727)

William Croft was born into a wealthy and ancient family at the Manor House, Nether Ettington in Warwickshire and was baptised on 30th December, 1678. He was educated as a 'Child of the Chapel Royal' where he was taught, by direction and example, by the composer John Blow (1649-1708). He remained at the Chapel as a 'Child' until he was twenty years old - something that only happened to the most talented of pupils. By the age of 19 he showed his obvious interest in composition by copying many extracts from cantatas by Scarlatti, Carissimi and others into his own manuscript book.

In 1724, Croft published Musica Sacra, a collection of church music, the first such collection to be printed in the form of a score. The Burial Service included in the collection has been used at state funerals in Great Britain and the United Kingdom ever since. Shortly afterwards his health deteriorated, and he died while visiting Bath.

For further details of his life, see and



JOHN MORETON (1764-1804)

Leader of the choir of King’s Chapel, Birmingham.

  • Sacred Melody, being Fifty Psalm & Hymn Tunes, in Four Parts, with Entire New Music set to the
    Works of Dr Watts & Others, etc.
    Birmingham: John Moreton 1804

  • Moreton’s Tunes.  A Set of New Psalm & Hymn Tunes, &c. set to the Poetry of Dr Watts and other generally useful Hymns Psalms &c. with a Table of reference to the Old and New Versions. London
    & Birmingham, 1817  MoreJSNP



To be added later:  


   Abingdon:  Isaac Skillern,   Six Anthems and Twelve Psalm Tunes   1785 SkilIAPT